2009 Memorial OPC Fall Adult Sunday
Westminster Shorter Catechism
Sept 27, 2009
Q33: What is justification?
A33: Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth
all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the
righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
Q34: What is adoption?
A34: Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby we are received
into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of
Q35; What is sanctification?
A3 5: Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are
renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled
more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.
1. What is the pattern for your
2. What two components are involved in the carrying out of
sanctification according to answer 35?
3. Is there a proper (or logical) order between these two components?
Can either of these two components ever stand on its own?
4. Why must we always carefully distinguish between sanctification and
justification? Why must we never sever sanctification from
Q36: What are the benefits which in
this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
A36: The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from
justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God's
love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace,
and perseverance therein to the end.
The assurance of God's love and peace
1. Is there such a thing as one having a false assurance of God's love?
Matthew 7:22, 23
2. Is there such a thing as one having a genuine assurance of God's
2 Timothy 1:12; 4:6-8; 4:16-18
3. On what basis can you speak of having a genuine assurance of God's
love and a true peace of conscience?
1 John 5:13; Hebrews 6:11
Hebrews 6:17,18; Romans 5:1, 2; John 5:24 (1 John 5:13)
2 Peter 1:10-11; 1 John 2:3-5; 3:14, 18, 19
1 John 4:13; Galatians 4:6; Romans 8:15, 16
How does a genuine assurance of God's love and grace differ from
Romans 6:1-2; Titus 2:11-14
Is the believer's degree of assurance of God's love equal at all times
and in all circumstances?
Psalm 31:22; Psalm 32:3-5; Psalm
Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter 18:1,2
"Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation"
18.1 Although hypocrites and other unregenerate men may vainly deceive
themselves with false hopes and carnal presumptions of being in the
favour of God, and estate of
salvation; which hope of theirs shall perish; yet such as truly believe
in the Lord Jesus, and love Him
in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before Him,
may, in this life, be certainly
assured that they are in the state of grace, and may rejoice in the
hope of the glory of God; which hope
shall never make them ashamed.
18.2 This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion,
grounded upon a fallible hope; but an infallible assurance of faith,
founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation, the inward
evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made, the
testimony of the Spirit of "adoption witnessing with our spirits that
we are the children of God:
which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed
to the day of redemption.